Lace and lace products

The production of lace fabrics, borders and appliqués is one of the most elaborate production areas in textile manufacturing. Lace, as an accessory or outer fabric for elaborately produced dresses and gowns, has also been a means of representation since the Renaissance at the latest, although the filigree fabrics handmade by bobbin lace or embroidery were always expensive luxury goods. Industrialization led to the machine production of lace fabrics in the 19th century. Production constantly required new pattern ideas, which could be reproduced easily and in high quality using photographic processes. The resulting pattern books record numerous examples of lace patterns as they were created in the manufacturing centers in Brussels, Valencienne, Plauen and others.

For inventory catalogs of decorative arts museums and collections, see also Museums and Schools.

Pattern templates historical lace

Albert Ilg
Spitzen-Album gelegentlich der Ersten Ausstellung von Spitzen- und Nadelarbeiten
Wien, Verlag des k.k. österreichischen Museums, 1876 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

30 plates with photographic reproductions of European historical lace, published by the Imperial and Royal Austrian Museum of Art and Industry.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Wilhelm Hoffmann
Wilhelm Hoffmann´s Spitzen-Musterbuch nach der im Besitze des k.k. österreichischen Museums befindlichen Originalausgabe vom Jahre 1607
Wien, Verlag des k.k. österreichischen Museums, 1876 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Facsimile of the historical pattern book edition from 1607, with a preface and 18 plates, published by the Imperial and Royal Austrian Museum of Art and Industry.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Johann Siebmacher
Hans Sibmacher's Stick- und Spitzen-Musterbuch. Nach der Ausgabe vom Jahre 1597 in facsimilierten Copien herausgegeben vom k.k. österreichischen Museum
Neue Auflage, Wien, Verlag von Carl Gerold´s Sohn, 1877 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

35 panels with historical lace patterns.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

K. Helbing
Spitzen-Album. 20 Blatt Lichtdrucke mit 45 Spitzenmustern
Wien, Verlag von R. v. Waldheim, 1877 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions of historical European lace, with a foreword by K. Helbing.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

J. Claesen, Edmond Henri Joseph Reusens
Album de l'Exposition de L'Art Ancien, Bruxelles 1884. La Dentelle
Paris Claesen, 1884 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

30 plates with photographic reproductions of historical lace, with introductory text.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Cesare Vecellio
Pizzi antichi di Cesare Vecellio con una introduzione di A. Melani
Mailand, Ulrico Hoepli, 1886 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Facsimile of the edition of 1591, with a preface by A. Melani, 115 plates

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Alte kunstvolle Spitze
[ohne Ort], [ca. 1890] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

35 plates with photographic examples of various laces.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Elisabetta Catanea Parasole
Musterbuch für Stickereien und Spitzen
Berlin, Wasmuth, 1891 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Facsimile of "Teatro delle nobili et virtuose donne" by Elisabetta Catanea Parasole from 1616, 44 plates with illustrations

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Wilhelm Hoffmann
Wilhelm Hoffmann's neues Modelbuch
Berlin, Verlag von Ernst Wasmuth, 1891 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Facsimile of the historical pattern book from 1604; 21 plates with patterns

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

      

Pattern templates modern lace

Richard Hofmann (Hg.)
Moderne Spitzen. Entworfen in der Königlichen Industrie-Schule zu Plauen i.V.
Band 1, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1890 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

21 plates with photographic reproductions of designs for lace from the Königliche Industrie-Schule, Plauen, published by the director of the Königliche Industrie-Schule Prof. R. Hofmann, with the permission of the Royal Ministry of the Interior.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Richard Hofmann (Hg.)
Moderne Spitzen. Entworfen in der Königlichen Industrie-Schule zu Plauen i.V.
Band 2, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1890 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions of designs for lace from the Königliche Industrie-Schule, Plauen, published by the director of the Königliche Industrie-Schule Prof. R. Hofmann, with the permission of the Royal Ministry of the Interior.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Neue Ideen für Spitzen. Originalentwürfe für die Praxis
Serie 1, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1890 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions of new designs for lace in collotype printing

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Moderne Compositionen für Spitzen
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [ca. 1890] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

24 plates with photographic reproductions of examples of contemporary lace design.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

L. Otto Werder
Dentelles nouvelles. Types Modernes pour dentelles, broderies et rideaux
Band 1, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1898 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions of designs for lace, embroidery and curtains

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Hermann Grasser (Hg.)
Preisgekrönte Häkelarbeiten aus der Spitzen-Ausstellung des Vereins für dekorative Kunst und Kunstgewerbe
Stuttgart, Munz und Geiger, 1900 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

28 plates with photographic reproductions of lace designs

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Friedrich Fischbach
Haekel-Vorlagen
Serie I | Leipzig, Selbstverlag, 1900 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

12 color plates with different crochet patterns

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

L. Otto Werder
Dentelles nouvelles. Types Modernes pour dentelles, broderies et rideaux
Band 2, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, um 1900 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions of modern designs for lace, embroidery and curtains

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Friedrich Fischbach
Gögginger neue Häkel- und Knüpfmuster
Wiesbaden, Verlag von H. Heuss, [um 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

70 plates with crochet and knotting patterns, with illustration, description and instructions.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

    

further pattern templates

Sofʹja Aleksandrovna Davydova
Al'bom' uzorov' russkich' kruzev'
Sankt Petersburg, 1885 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

35 panels with Russian lace patterns, bobbin lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Antoine Carlier de Lantsheere
Les dentelles à la main. Dentelles aux fuseaux, dentelles à l'aiguille, dentelles à points mélangés. 135 pl. accompagnées de légendes et précédées de description détaillées des différents points
Paris, Calavas, 1890 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

135 plates with photographic reproductions of bobbin lace and embroidered lace, with description and vocabulary.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Irish Combination
Plauen, Verlag C.F. Schulz & Co, [ca. 1890] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Die historische und die neuzeitliche Spitze in Muster-Beispielen
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [ca. 1890] | KatalogeintragZum Digitalisat

24 plates with photographic reproductions of European lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Die Spitzenarbeiten
Leipzig, Fischer & Wittig, [ca. 1890] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

24 plates with photographic reproductions of various forms of historical European lace, partly with schematic representations of the knotting techniques.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Richard Hofmann (Hg.)
Stilisirte Pflanzenformen in industrieller Verwendung und mit Berücksichtigung der Technik und des Zweckes. Serie 1: Spitzen
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1892 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

12 plates with photographic reproductions of floral motifs for lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Richard Hofmann
Die Vogtländische Spitzen-Stickerei und Gardinen-Industrie. Weltausstellung Paris 1900
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

38 plates with photographic reproductions of lace at the 1900 Paris World's Fair, arranged by company.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Marcel Tuquet
Compositions pour dessin de rideaux
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

18 plates with examples of various lace and curtain fabrics.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Motivs de Dentelles
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

10 plates with photographic reproductions with new designs for lace from Paris.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Spitzenbesätze, Roben und dergleichen
[ohne Ort, ohne Verlag], 1900 |  Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

44 plates, adhesive tape with cut-out and pasted motif illustrations, drawings of lace-trimmed clothing and examples of various companies, some with indication of origin.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Spitzen und Stickereien
Plauen, Königliche Industrieschule, [1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

19 plates with photographic reproductions of various designs for lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Spitzen-Mappe. Motiven-Quelle für die Spitzen- und Stickerei-Industrie
Band 1, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1900 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitaliat

72 plates with photographic reproductions of designs for lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Spitzen-Mappe. Motiven-Quelle für die Spitzen- und Stickerei-Industrie
Band 2, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1900 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitaliat

72 plates with photographic reproductions of designs for lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Spitzen-Mappe. Motiven-Quelle für die Spitzen- und Stickerei-Industrie
Band 3, Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, 1900 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitaliat

72 plates with photographic reproductions of designs for lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Dentelles De Bruxelles De Malines Et Dentelles Flamandes, dites de Valenciennes
Paris, Calava, [um 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

35 plates with photographic reproductions of Brussels lace and Valenciennes lace.

Dentelles de chantilly. Milieu du XIXe siècle
Paris, Calavas, [um 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions of Chantilly lace from the middle of the 19th century.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Dentelles Véritables. Points de France - Points de Venise 
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [ca. 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

26 plates with photographic reproductions of French and Venetian lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Die Csetneker Spitzen. Ca. 300 Originalaufnahmen. Moderne ungarische Volkskunstarbeiten
Plauen im Vogtland, Oskar Haebler Verlag für Kunst und Kunstgewerbe, [ca. 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions of Hungarian lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Einzelformen für Spitzen in venezianischem, irischem und Fantasie-Charakter
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [ca. 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

16 plates with photographic reproductions of individual lace elements.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Félix-Albert-Anthyme Aubert
Entwürfe für Spitzen und Stickereien. 30 Tafeln in Lichtdruck
Stuttgart, Julius Hoffmann Verlag, [ca. 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

30 plates with various lace designs, borders, doilies, collars.

Friedrich Fischbach (Hg.)
Spitzen-Ornamente
Wiesbaden, Selbst-Verlag, [ca. 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

16 plates with photographic reproductions of Brussels and St. Gallen lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Olsczewski
Spitzen und Wirkereien
Paris, Calavas, [um 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

15 plates with photographic reproductions of lace designs.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Gestickte Maschinenspitze
Plauen, Verlag von Christian Stoll, [ca. 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

12 plates with photographic reproductions of various laces, braids and borders.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

O. Fleuron
Typische Spitzen-Motive. Ornements moderne
Leipzig, Gilbers´sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, [um 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

20 plates with photographic reproductions with motifs from lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

   

On the history of lace making

Fanny Palliser
A History of lace (3. ed.)
London Low, 1875 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Historical overview of the European production of lace and embroidery, French, Spanish, Flanders, English lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Schul- und Hausordnung für die aus Staatskassen unterstützten Spitzenklöppelschulen : nebst Auszügen aus dem Klöppelschulregulative vom 9. October 1874 und dem Gesetze, das Volksschulwesen betreffend, vom 26. April 1873
Schneeberg, Schwarzenberg, Carl Moritz Gärtner, 1874 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Joseph Seguin
La dentelle. Histoire, descriptions, fabrication, bibliographie, ornée de cinquante planches phototypographiques, facsimile de dentelles de toutes les époques et de nombreuses gravures.
Paris, J. Rothschild, 1875 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Historical outline of lace manufacture with small-format illustrations.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Julius Paufler
Die Spitzenklöppel-Schulen des Erzgebirges
aus: Leipziger Zeitung, Nr. 11 vom 5. Febr. 1880, Schneeberg, [1880] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Report about the lace-making schools in the Erzgebirge under economic aspects

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Sophie Davydoff (Sofʹja Aleksandrovna Davydova)
La Dentelle Russe. Histoire Technique Statistique
Leipzig, Karl W. Hiersemann, 1895 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Historical presentation of lace manufacturing and production in Russia.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Bernhard Dietrich
Die Spitzenindustrie in Belgien und Frankreich zu Ende des XIX. Jahrhunderts
Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot, 1900 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Overview of European lace production with a focus on Belgium and France, three panels with photographic reproductions of Belgian, French and German lace.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Tina Frauberger
Handbuch der Spitzenkunde. Technisches und Geschichtliches über die Näh-, Klöppel- und Maschinenspitzen
Leipzig Seemann, 1894 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Description of the technique of lace making, historical account arranged by country.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

    

On the technique of lace making

The Queen lace book. Historical and descriptive account of the hand-made antique laces of all countries. Part 1: Medieval lacework and point lace
London, The Queen Office, 1874 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Presentation of the various techniques of lace making using historical examples, with 30 illustrations.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Daisy Waterhouse Hawkins
Old point lace and how to copy and imitate it
London, Chatto and Windus, 1878 | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Instructions for creating old lace designs, with facsimile illustrations of examples from the South Kensington Museum London.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Sara Rasmussen
Klöppelbuch. Eine Anleitung zum Selbstunterricht im Spitzenklöppeln
Kopenhagen, Verlag von Andr. Fred. Höst & Sohn | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Presentation of the technique of lace making, with numerous illustrations as well as a plate section with photographic reproductions of lace designs.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Carl Jamnig, Adelheid Richter 
Die Technik der geklöppelten Spitze. Original-Entwürfe und Ausführungen als Lehrgang der Spitzenklöppelkunst nach Spitzensorten systematisch geordnet
Wien, Spielhagen & Schurich, [1886] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Contains 41 photographic display boards explaining the technique.

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Adele Voshage
Das Spitzenklöppeln. Anleitung an zwanzig Mustern, die Klöppelarbeit gründlich zu erlernen
Leipzig, Twietmeyer, [1894] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau

Clara Gebser
Leitfaden zum Selbstunterricht im Spitzenklöppeln nebst praktischen Winken für erfahrenere Klöppelerinnen
Hannover, Helwingsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, [ca. 1900] | Katalogeintrag | Zum Digitalisat

Instruction for lace making, with schematic pattern drawings

From the collection of the West Saxon University of Zwickau