The vocabulary listed here consists of historical terms that can be found in the hand copies and protocol catalogues of Galerie Hugo Helbing as well as in contemporary literature. An exception is the term "Einlieferer," which is not mentioned in the catalogues. Persons who consign objects to an auction for the purpose of selling them at auction are referred to in the catalogues as "Beiträger," "Besitzer," "Teilnehmer," or even "Auftraggeber." However, persons who have submitted bidding orders are also referred to as "Auftraggeber". To avoid misunderstandings, the term "Einlieferer", which is common today, is used here.
à tout prix
instead of a limit price: lot shall be sold "at any price"
sales commission, which a buyer must pay in addition to the hammer price, the amount of which is usually specified in the terms and conditions of the auction.
first presentation of a lot with the naming of a prize
außer Katalog Objekte
lots sold at auction but not listed in the printed catalogue
see Liste der Personen, die Objekte eingeliefert haben
instead of a limit price: lot shall be sold at the highest bid
person who consigns objects for the purpose of sale at auction
written bid received in advance of the auction for a specific
price offered for a lot during the auction
copy of the auction catalog annotated by employees of the auction house
Ho / Hö
highest price bid for a lot during the auction
person who bought a lot at auction
surcharge plus buyer‘s premium
person who places bids on behalf of another person
Limit / Limitpreis
minimum price at which a lot may be sold by agreement between the owner and the auction house
Liste der Personen, die einen Ersteigerungsauftrag eingereicht haben
list of persons or companies who have submitted a (written) bidding order in advance of an auction to bid for a specific lot at a specific maximum price, usually arranged alphabetically.
Liste der Personen, die Objekte eingeliefert haben
list of persons or companies who consign objects for the purpose of sale at auction, usually arranged numerically.
object/group of objects to be sold at auction
instead of a limit price: lot shall be sold at the discretion of the auction house
discount on the surcharge, which was usually given to art dealers and museums
annotated copy of the auction catalogue documenting the results of an auction
unsold lot which has not reached the agreed limit price and/or which has not been knocked down
Schätzung / Schätzpreis
price at which a lot could be sold in the auction
Taxe / Taxpreis
issued by the management of the auction by a hammer blow if no further bid is made after the highest bid has been called three times
highest bid at which a lot is awarded